1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed by Eric H. Cline

By Eric H. Cline

In 1177 B.C., marauding teams identified simply because the “Sea Peoples” invaded Egypt. The pharaoh’s military and military controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did many of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized global of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few many years. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economic climate and cultures of the overdue moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, abruptly ceased to exist, in addition to writing structures, know-how, and huge structure. however the Sea Peoples by myself couldn't have prompted such frequent breakdown. How did it happen?

In this significant new account of the reasons of this “First darkish Ages,” Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of ways the tip was once led to through a number of interconnected disasters, starting from invasion and riot to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of overseas exchange routes. Bringing to existence the colourful multicultural international of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the past due Bronze Age and indicates that it used to be their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a depressing age that lasted centuries.

A compelling mixture of narrative and the most recent scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new gentle at the complicated ties that gave upward thrust to, and finally destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the overdue Bronze Age—and that set the degree for the emergence of classical Greece.

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However, it is only in Hatshepsut’s record that the queen of Punt—­named “Eti” according to the accompanying inscription—­is depicted. , having a fleshy abdomen and massive—­ usually protruding—­ thighs and buttocks). There are also palm trees, exotic animals, and other details showing the distant locale, and depictions of the ships that transported the Egyptians to and from Punt, complete down to the masts and rigging. In the thirty-­third year of his rule, sometime after 1450 BC, Thutmose III sent his own trade delegation to the land of Punt.

The world was already growing more interconnected, even if sometimes only in war. The Assuwa Rebellion in Anatolia It is intriguing that Thutmose III was in contact, and perhaps involved in active commercial exchange, with distant areas, including areas located to the north and west of Egypt. It is possible that contact with Assuwa (assuming that is the proper identification for Isy) was initiated by Assuwa rather than by Egypt. 49 The Assuwa Rebellion, which had previously been of interest to only a few scholars, came to the forefront in 1991, when a bulldozer operator was digging the blade of his machine into the shoulder of a road by the ancient site of Hattusa, capital city of the Hittites—­now a two-­hour car ride (208 kilometers) east of modern Ankara.

While the first half of Hittite history is known as the Old Kingdom and is justifiably famous because of exploits by kings like Mursili, it is the second half with which we are more concerned here. Known during this period as the Hittite Empire, it flourished and rose to even greater heights during the Late Bronze Age—­beginning in the fifteenth century BC and lasting until the early decades of the twelfth century BC. Among its most famous kings is a man named Suppiluliuma I, whom we will meet in the next chapter and who led the Hittites to a preeminent position in the ancient Near East by conquering a great deal of territory and dealing as an equal with the pharaohs of New Kingdom Egypt.

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