By K.E. Michelson
This paintings is predicated on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the dep. of Linguistics at Harvard college, even though it represents an intensive revision and reorganization of that paintings. quite a lot of fabric that weren't inside the unique were additional, and elements that tackle theoretical concerns that, at the very least in the meanwhile, have receded into the heritage, were passed over. Many colleagues and associates have contributed to my sustained fascina tion with in addition to my figuring out of lroquoian linguistics. firstly, i'm thankful to the Iroquois who've contributed their profound knowl aspect and their friendship in the course of my examine: Elda Antone, Mercy Doxtator, Dayton Doxtator, Reg Henry, Frank Natawe, the past due Georgina Nicholas, Catherine Norton, Mike Norton. the overdue Sanford Schenandoah, and Norma Sickles. I additionally deeply enjoy being a part of a close-knit and supportive group of lroquoian linguists, and particularly I thank Cliff Abbott, Wallace Chafe, Mike Foster, Marianne Mithun, and Hanni Woodbury for supplying reviews at the dissertation. i've got additionally benefited from, and cost hugely, super stimulating conversations with Floyd Lounsbury within the previous couple of years. The effect of my advisers and associates may be obvious in the course of the paintings. I thank in particular Nick Clements, Ives Goddard, Jochem Schindler, Robin Barr, Harry Bochner, Brian Doherty, Mark Hale, and Phil LeSourd.
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Additional info for A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent
80) show this process. 8. Cayuga Consonant Clusters Table IX lists surface word-medial CC clusters of Cayuga, and Table X lists surface word-medial CCC clusters. Cayuga lacks some of the surface clusters that occur in Oneida or Mohawk, in particular kn, tn, kk, wh, and some clusters that contain r. 10 and chapter 7. , perhaps with the compensatory lengthening of a preceding vowel (cf. Chafe and Foster, 198], p. ] 35). For example, the morpheme -hren- 'cut' occurs without the final n in akhre o?
Tekowfhas te-k-owiha-s I split it in two DU-I A-split-HAB (129) wakyo(te( wak-yo( A)-e( I work 1P-work-HAB (130) d . Awakyo(t A ( A-wak-yo(t A-( I will work FUT-I P-work -STAT (131 ) katorathe( k-atorat-h(a)-e( I'm going to hunt 1A-hunt-OIS-PURP ( 132) d . Akatoratha( A-k-atorat-ha-( I'm going to go hunting FUT-IA-hunt-OIS-PUNC Two vowel deletion rules are given in (133) and (134). Vowel Deletion I (133) deletes the second vowel in a sequence if the first vowel is a mid vowel that belongs to a pronominal prefix; Vowel Deletion II (134) deletes the first vowel in all remaining sequences of vowels.
The feminine-zoic is used for two kinds of female persons: (i) for someone who is in a position of authority, for example, the Queen, a schoolteacher, or the community nurse; (ii) for someone who is not particularly respected or liked or who is aggressive and bossy. ) In Cayuga the feminine-indefinite nonsingular prefix, which does not exist in the other languages, includes a mixed group of male and female persons as well as a group of all female persons. The distinctions outlined above give rise to the following agent and patient prefixes: Agent Prefixes: first person singular (1 A) first person inclusive dual (lindA) first person exclusive dual (lexdA) first person inclusive plural (linpA) first person exclusive plural (1 expA) second person singular (2A) second person dual (2dA) second person plural (2pA) third person masculine singular (MA) third person feminine-zoic singular, neuter (ZA, NA) third person feminine-indefinite (FA) third person masculine dual (MdA) third person masculine plural (MpA) third person feminine-zoic dual (ZdA) third person feminine-zoic plural (ZpA) 46 CHAPTER 2 third person masculine nonsingular (MdpA) (Cayuga) third person feminine-zoic (non masculine) nonsingular (ZdpA) (Cayuga) third person feminine-indefinite nonsingular (FdpA) (Cayuga) Patient Prefixes: first person singular (1 P) first person dual (1 dP) first person plural (1 pP) second person singular (2P) second person dual (2dP) second person plural (2pP) third person masculine singular (MP) third person feminine-zoic singular, neuter (ZP, NP) third person feminine-indefinite (FP) third person masculine nonsingular (MdpP) third person feminine-zoic (nonmasculine) nonsingular (ZdpP) third person feminine-indefinite nonsingular (FdpP) (Cayuga) The transitive prefixes contain elements of the agent and patient prefixes.