A History of Indian Literature - Vol. II: Epic and Sanskrit by Jan Gonda

By Jan Gonda

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Extra info for A History of Indian Literature - Vol. II: Epic and Sanskrit Religious Literature - Fasc. 1: Medieval Religious Literature in Sanskrit

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Gonda • Medieval Religious Literature complains to Siva of the latter's injustice, he dwells in the second part on his own shortcomings and his attachment to the world to conclude the poem with an appeal to Siva's grace and a prayer for the gift of bhakti (st. 88) and a happy and peaceful state of mind and for that successful contemplation of Siva which may lead to the interruption of the cycle of rebirths. It is the very evolution of the poet's sentiments and his continued attempts to enter into a personal relation with the god which determines the structure of the poem and the order of its stanzas.

See below, p . 72. T h i s n a m e w a s b o r r o w e d from t h e u p a n i s a d i c t r a d i t i o n : cf. SVlJ. 5, 6 ; 6, 1 7 ; M a i U . 6, 3 4 ; M u U . 2, 2, 4 e t c . 28 Cf. also G O V I N D A C A B Y A S V A M I N , i n J R A S 1 9 1 1 , p . 9 3 5 ; RAYCHAtJDHUBi, M . H . V . S . , p . 2 1 . VisvS. 9, 90 m e n t i o n s t h e s a m e n a m e s m i n u s suhrd a n d tanmaya. 32 According to the Padma-Tantra, which in 1, 1, 68 calls this literature a "department of knowledge, a great esoteric doctrine" (a sdstra called makopanisad), it is currently known by this term because the five other traditional schools— Yoga, Samkhya, Buddhism, Jainism, the &aivas (Kapalikas, $uddha-i§aivas, Pasupatas)—are, in the presence of this system, Like night or darkness (rdtriyante).

Life, a wife, children, property—, they are transitory and useless if one does not serve Hari's lotus feet (st. 29). U4 Thus he always reverts to the glory, majesty and sublimity of the divine couple, the only object of his emotional interest. A prayer addressed to Radha is introduced by a long description of her beauty: a refined form of the ancient and traditional praise as a confirmation of the deity's power and replenishment of his resources115 (st. 50). In consonance with the classical tradition the poem begins with invocations and homage addressed to his father and preceptor, st.

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