By John B. Wolf
Traditionally, terrorist bands working in rural or city components use vio lence to solid themselves as a sound political strength. Necklacing, plac ing an oil-soaked tire round the neck of an informer after which igniting it, and knee-capping, positioning a handgun in the back of the kneecap of a "tout" (a police informer) after which squeezing the set off, are one of the enforcement equipment utilized by clandestine teams to manage "revo lutionary justice." Necklacing is utilized by the African nationwide Con gress (A.N.C.). Knee-capping is a standard Irish Republican military (I. R. A.) tactic. Governments usually lend credibility to the terrorists' declare of legitimacy by means of no longer enforcing measures meant to extirpate them. often, democratic societies worry that inflexible keep watch over measures pose a risk to civil liberties. Reluctant to maneuver, a democracy is frequently ham strung by means of terrorists bent on manipulating its values. A media crusade, meant to mobilize public opinion opposed to the terrorists and garner mass help for the govt and its keep watch over measures, is the linchpin of any antiterrorist crusade. Centralized intelligence-gathering is one other crucial part. Terrorism, while it turns into a customary crusade of bombings and different atrocities, isn't any longer an issue for simply the police and the military. the complete society is affected. for instance, all teams comprising the multi ethnic popu- vii viii PREFACE tion of Sri Lanka and South Africa are almost immediately uncovered to the phobia ist threat.
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Additional resources for Antiterrorist Initiatives
Doubleday, 1981), pp. 63-67. 9. Clifford P. Hackett, "Covert Agents Known by One and All," The NfH' York Times, April 1, 1982, p. 26. 10. Steven V. 's Chief Officer in Athens Remains a Mystery without Solid Clues," The New York Times, December 26,1976, p. 8. 11. "CLA. Changes Spy Operations to Add Securitv," The Ne,l' York Times, February 2, 1982, p. 1. 12. A. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979), pp. " The Nn(' York Times, December 21, 1985, p. 2. 13. Michael Wood, "Spy Fiction, Spy Fact," review of Smiley's People by John Le Carre (New York: Alfred A.
Interpol (the full name is International Criminal Police Organization) operates a 59-nation radio network and serves as an information-gathering and dispensing agency. It has no investigative function, and often its role ceases after it distributes the picture and fingerprints of persons on its fugitive list to a member country. Additionally, terrorism is a delicate subject in Interpol work, because a terrorist in one member country may be a hero in another. Interpol deals only with criminal offenses.
16. Schlomo Gazit and Michael Handel, "Insurgency Terrorism and Intelligence" in Intelligence Requirements for the 1980's: Counterintelligence ed. : National Strategy Information Center, 1980) pp. 138-139. 17. "Text of President's Executive Order on Intelligence Activities," The New York Times, December 5, 1981, pp. 18-19. 18. David Shribman, "Cloak-and-Dagger Business Booming," The Neil' York Times, February 18, 1982, p. 12. 19. ," The New York Post, August 27, 1982, p. 9. 20. Bob Woodward, Veil: The Secret Wars of the CIA, 1981-1987 (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1987), pp.