By Heather Margaret-Louise Miller
Designed for upper-division undergraduate and graduate point archaeology scholars taking classes in historic applied sciences, archaeological craft creation, fabric tradition, the historical past of know-how, archaeometry, and box tools. this article may also function a common advent and a reference for archaeologists, fabric tradition experts in socio-cultural disciplines, and engineers/scientists drawn to the backgrounds and histories in their disciplines.
The examine of old technologies-that is, the ways that items and fabrics have been made and used-can exhibit insights into monetary, social, political, and formality geographical regions of the previous. This publication summarizes the present kingdom of historical know-how experiences through emphasizing methodologies, a few significant applied sciences, and the questions and matters that force archaeologists of their attention of those applied sciences. It exhibits the ways in which know-how stories can be utilized by means of archaeologists operating anyplace, on any form of society and it embraces an orientation towards the sensible, now not the philosophical.
* Compares the diversity of pre-industrial applied sciences, from stone device construction, fiber crafts, wooden and bone operating, fired clay crafts, steel creation, and glass manufacture
* comprises socially contextualized case stories, in addition to basic descriptions of technological processes
* Discusses crucial terminology (technology, fabric tradition, chaîne opératoire, etc.), essentially from the viewpoint of ways those phrases are utilized by archaeologists
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Additional info for Archaeological Approaches to Technology
As much as possible, archaeologists must consider all scales of analysis as they decide how to order their data, since they are all affected by these choices. Nor are these scales of analysis hierarchical in importance; as with molecular-, organism-, and systems-oriented biology, different scales of analysis are appropriate for different questions. As is the case in biology, all levels must be strongly researched, or the research will draw false conclusions and overlook important aspects of ancient technologies.
4). -L. Miller: Archaeological Approaches to Technology Typical Indus Valley Terracotta Cakes, Terracotta Lumps/Spheres, Nodules, and High-Temperature Firing Debris from the site of Harappa, Pakistan TC Lump / Potato / Mushtika (with fingermarks) Triangular TC Cake Kiln Wall Fragment (bubbled, beginning to drip) TC Sphere (with fingermarks) Circular TC Cake Nodule (rough sphere, some with fingermarks) “Frothy Slag” (light weight, bubbled - often fuel ash) Lenticular TC Lump (With thumb-prints) ca.
Like the humans who create them, no technology exists in isolation from others. -L. Miller: Archaeological Approaches to Technology help us to understand past societies, this book provides an entry point into the rich body of archaeological research examining the interplay between human groups and their technologies. In addition to describing how archaeologists study ancient technologies, I will concentrate on answering archaeological questions about past societies through technology studies. The next chapter covers the methods that archaeologists use in their study of past technologies.