What are the origins of agriculture? In what methods have technological advances regarding nutrients affected human improvement? How have foodstuff and foodways been used to create id, converse which means, and manage society? during this hugely readable, illustrated quantity, archaeologists and different students from around the globe discover those questions and extra.
The Archaeology of nutrients deals greater than 250 entries spanning geographic and temporal contexts and lines fresh discoveries along the result of many years of study. The individuals offer overviews of present wisdom and theoretical views, bring up key questions, and delve into myriad clinical, archaeological, and fabric analyses so as to add intensity to our realizing of foodstuff. The encyclopedia serves as a reference for students and scholars in archaeology, nutrients reviews, and similar disciplines, in addition to interesting studying for culinary historians, nutrients writers, and nutrients and archaeology lovers.
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Extra resources for Archaeology of Food: An Encyclopedia
Some species or genera of key crops may have been domesticated more than once in different regions. Squashes and beans, for example, seem to have been domesticated more than once in the New World. Yams and many types of millet seem to have been domesticated several times. Domestication-based economies using wheat, barley, and legumes may have arisen several times independently in areas of the Middle East, and wheat possibly also in Turkmenistan in central Asia. Rice may have been domesticated at least twice, once (or more) in India and once (or more) in China.
Societies with only partial replacement have been referred to as “transitional economies” (or low-level food producers)—as if they were inevitably headed somewhere. In many regions, such as the Levant and eastern North America, domesticates may have been added only to fill nutritional or seasonal gaps in the diet and only much later relied on as staples. The very word “transitional” is in dispute because the transition period has often been thousands of years, actually lasting far longer than the subsequent dependence on agriculture in many regions.
LiDAR instruments are mounted on low-flying aircraft and scan the surface with light pulses, producing precise three-dimensional models of entire landscapes. By using hundreds of thousands of pulses, vegetation and other elements can be subtracted from the data, offering the potential to produce digital elevation models of bare ground surfaces. This capacity has made LiDAR very attractive to archaeologists working in heavily forested areas. The expense of this technique limits its potential to replace less costly alternatives such as satellite data or on-the-ground survey, however.