By Beth Levin, Malka Rappaport Hovav
The connection among verbs and their arguments is a broadly debated subject in linguistics. This accomplished survey presents an updated evaluate of this significant region of study, exploring present theories of ways a verb’s semantics can be certain the morphosyntactic cognizance of its arguments. Assuming an in depth connection among verb that means and syntactic constitution, it presents a bridge among lexical semantic and syntactic examine, synthesizing the result of paintings from a variety of linguistic subdisciplines and in quite a few theoretical frameworks.
The first 4 chapters survey top theories approximately occasion constitution and con- ceptualization. The 5th and 6th chapters specialise in the mapping from lexical semantics to morphosyntax, and comprise a close dialogue of the thematic hierarchy. The 7th bankruptcy stories remedies of a number of argument actual- ization. With necessary bibliographic references and transparent definitions of suitable phrases, this ebook might be priceless to scholars and researchers in syntax and semantics, in addition to these in comparable fields.
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Extra info for Argument Realization
The small set of unanalyzed roles that characterizes an ideal semantic role approach, then, is incompatible with linguistic reality. 3 Problems of one-to-one correspondence Fillmore’s Case Grammar (1968) and its descendants make the assumptions that there may be at most one instance of each semantic role per clause and that each argument bears one and only one role; see also Starosta (1978). However, potential deviations from these assumptions are frequently cited. Gruber (1965, 1976) and Jackendoff (1972, 1976, 1983) present sentences with verbs of motion and verbs of transfer of possession where a single NP apparently bears two semantic roles.
These include various kinds of nonagentive causes, experiencers, and emitters (Fillmore 1968; Hawkins 1985; B. Levin and Rappaport Hovav 1995; Schlesinger 1995), as we illustrate with data from English in (24) and Hebrew in (25). (24) a. b. c. d. The The The The storm destroyed the crop. bulldozer ﬂattened the hovels. child hated the spinach. old machine spews smoke. (25) a. Ha-se’ara harsa et ha-yevul. ’ b. 6 When subjects are not agents and objects are not patients 25 c. Ha-yeled sana et ha-tered.
Phonological features distill from the wide range of phonetic detail those aspects of sounds which are phonologically relevant. Semantic roles distill from the perhaps even wider range of semantic detail those facets of meaning which are grammatically relevant. The choice of features or roles is justified to the extent that they define equivalence classes which recur in rules of phonology or morphosyntax. Phonological features, however, generally appear in clusters defining particular phonemes, and, in addition, define natural classes of phonemes, while semantic roles, as they were initially used, are taken to be atomic elements.