By Lambertus Marie De Rijk
This examine intends to teach that the ascription of many shortcomings or obscurities to Aristotle is because of the chronic misinterpetation of key notions in his works, together with anachronistic perceptions of assertion making. within the first quantity Aristotle's semantics is culled from the Organon. the second one quantity offers Aristotle's ontology of the sublunar global, and can pay exact consciousness to his technique of argument in gentle of his semantic perspectives. The reconstruction of the semantic types that come ahead as certainly Aristotelian may give a brand new impetus to the learn of Aristotelian philosophic and semantic idea.
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Extra resources for Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 1: General Introduction. The Works on Logic (Philosophia Antiqua)
If we r e n d e r the notation 'Fa' into words, we should not say 'a is F', and by putting the 75 For Ruijgh's criticism see his (1979), 69-71. 64. Note that this 'F(a)' is not the Fregean formula, which instead reads: 'There is a property 'F' such that it is instanced by the individual 'a'. In Aristotle, the individual ('a') is the central topic, rather than its properties. 76 two formally d i f f e r e n t expressions on a par, we will be doing, materially speaking, precisely the opposite of what Kahn (212-5) has in mind, because in this way we are making the copula construction the derived and second order one.
E. in the copula construction), existence, and truth ('it is the case') as a philosophical asset in Greek, which happily manages to unite concepts that are logically interdependent. Kahn's theory did not receive a warm welcome. Theoretical linguistics have stuck to the standard account that there was no copula verb in the Indo-European Ursprache, and that the lexeme '*es-' meant only 'to exist'. ) that every existential use of ε ί ν α ι is second order, its function being — he takes it — to introduce the subject into the narrative or discourse a n d so "to provide a subject for the copula kernel".
The noun-verb sentence pattern 'S is P') is merely one possible elaboration. 14), this ontology can also be quite adequately r e p r e s e n t e d 8 6 by the statedescription 'Fa' taken as the operand of the operator 'is-true'; in my notation: 'Is: [assertible]'. O n c e we have disposed of the shortcomings of Kahn's view denounced in the previous paragraphs (in the wake of Ruijgh and other linguists), the c o m m o n view can be reformulated more precisely. To begin with, we have to make some indispensable distinctions.