Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The by Rijk

By Rijk

This learn intends to teach that the ascription of many shortcomings or obscurities to Aristotle is because of the chronic misinterpretation of key notions in his works, together with anachronistic perceptions of assertion making. within the first quantity, released individually (ISBN: 90-04-12324-5), Aristotle's semantics is culled from the Organon. This moment quantity offers Aristotle's ontology of the sublunar global, and can pay targeted cognizance to his technique of argument in gentle of his semantic perspectives. This ebook is geared toward all these attracted to historic and Medieval Philosophy, the background of common sense and semantics, and the advance of metaphysics, in addition to classical philologists and theologians.

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Extra resources for Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The Metaphysics. Semantics in Aristotle's Strategy of Argument (Philosophia Antiqua)

Example text

As well as B' instead of 'B as well as A'. For this construction see De Rijk (1950), 314-8. 83 For this work Ross refers to Fragmenta, nrs. 115-121 Rose (= 118-24 Teubner), = 1478b35-1479a5, and 1497a32-1498b43, ed. Bekker. See also Syrianus CAG VI-1, p. 61 12 ' 17 : "The Same, the Like, the Equal, the Straight, and in general the things on the better side of the list of cognates, are differentiae and as it were species of the One, as those on the wrong side belong to the Many. The Philosopher himself devoted a separate chapter to the subject, making a selection of all contraries and classing some under the One, others u n d e r the Many"; cf.

Aristotle's words are merely an addition: "that is why to assert that even what-is-not is a thing-that-is-not", and so are merely a prelude to his recognizing 'being as truth' 'and 'non-being as falsity'. T h e latter is in fact the m o d e of being of 'things' ('statable things' or 'states of affairs') asserted, and therefore must not be excluded from our investigations in advance. His saying 'even' anticipates the subsequent dismissal (in Met. Ε 4) of this m o d e of being. 7 2 At 1003b 11-16 Aristotle explicitly infers f r o m the foregoing that, just as everything that is healthy is covered by o n e discipline, it is also o n e discipline that covers the things-that-are qua things-that-are.

For none of the others examine universally that-which-is qua thingthat-is, but all cutting off some part of it study the attribute of this part; as for example the mathematical disciplines. Now, since we are seeking principles and the highest causes, clearly these must be a particular's nature in its own right. If then those who sought the elements of the things-that-are were seeking the same principles, it would be necessary that the elements too are of that-which-is qua thing-thatis, not coincidentally.

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