By Tim Smithers (auth.), John S. Gero (eds.)
One of the rules for switch in our society comes from designing. Its genesis is the idea that the realm round us both is unsuited to our wishes or should be superior. the necessity for designing is pushed through a society's view that it might probably increase or upload worth to human lifestyles way past easy subsistence. because of designing the realm which we inhabit is more and more a designed instead of a evidently taking place one. In that feel it's an "artificial" international. Designing is a basic precursor to production, fabrication, building or implementation. layout examine goals to enhance an knowing of designing and to provide versions of designing that may be used to help designing. synthetic intelligence has supplied an environmental paradigm during which layout learn in response to computational buildings, should be performed. layout examine could be performed in number of methods. it may be seen as principally an empirical endeavour during which experiments are designed and completed with the intention to attempt a few speculation approximately a few layout phenomenon or layout behaviour. this is often the strategy followed in cognitive technology. It usually manifests itself by using protocol experiences of designers. the result of such learn shape the root of a computational version. A moment view is that layout study should be performed through positing axioms after which deriving results from them.
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Extra resources for Artificial Intelligence in Design ’02
The use of constraints facilitates the view of domain objects at varying levels of resolution subject to satisfaction. The representation of intermediate states facilitates a collection of partial views of a single domain object at varying levels of specificity. The representation of two structures that possibly represent the same object is recognisable eliminating redundancy in the generative process. 2. MIXED-INITIATIVE DIALOGUE The term mixed initiative refers broadly to methods that explicitly support an efficient, natural interleaving of control by users and automated services aimed at converging on solutions to problems (Allen 1999).
As a knowledge representation format for these offerings, we can utilize an XML representation for UML (instance) diagrams. The usage of the emerging DAML+OIL standard is currently evaluated and will be included in future implementations. Note however, that the supplier systems, which can be fully-fledged product configurators, specialized routing software modules, or mere product catalogs, do not have to rely on the same internal knowledge representation or problem solving mechanism like the configurator at the reseller's site.
Amant et al (Amant and Cohen 1997) combine the dialogue view of mixed-initiative with direct manipulation techniques in the domain of abstract force simulation and exploratory data analysis. They focus on the ability of an interactive environment to constrain and guide both automated agent behaviour as well as human effort. Rich and Sidner (Rich and Sidner 1997; Rich and Sidner 1998) discuss the design of a collaborative interface agent, which works on a plan with its user and communicates via mixed-initiative dialogue.