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Extra info for Assertion: New Philosophical Essays
G. 10) Stanley 2008 restrict the sufficiency direction of the knowledge norm for practical reasoning to what they call “p‐dependent choices”; for an alternative solution, see Fantl and McGrath 2009). If knowledge is the norm for either assertion or practical reasoning, then one criterion for an account of knowledge is that it should respect these links between knowledge, assertion, and practical reasoning. In particular, the idea that knowledge is a norm for assertion and/or practical reasoning has been used to defend so‐called shifty views of knowledge, according to which the truth of knowledge ascriptions depends on the stakes and/or the salience of error.
4)assertion as something like a proposal to change the context set in that way, a proposal that is adopted if it is not rejected by one of the other parties to the conversation. (Stalnaker 2005: 4) This illustrates a general strategy: characterize assertions as those sayings that have a particular kind of effect. For Stalnaker the relevant effect is on what is presupposed in the conversation, but logical space obviously leaves room for a very wide range of theories about what the relevant effects are and what the effects are on.
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