Assertion: New Philosophical Essays by Jessica Brown, Herman Cappelen

By Jessica Brown, Herman Cappelen

Statement is a basic function of language. This quantity may be the position to seem for someone attracted to present paintings at the subject. Philosophers of language and epistemologists sign up for forces to explain what sort of speech act statement is, really in gentle of relativist perspectives of fact, and the way statement is ruled by means of epistemic norms.

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G. 10) Stanley 2008 restrict the sufficiency direction of the knowledge norm for practical reasoning to what they call “p‐dependent choices”; for an alternative solution, see Fantl and McGrath 2009). If knowledge is the norm for either assertion or practical reasoning, then one criterion for an account of knowledge is that it should respect these links between knowledge, assertion, and practical reasoning. In particular, the idea that knowledge is a norm for assertion and/or practical reasoning has been used to defend so‐called shifty views of knowledge, according to which the truth of knowledge ascriptions depends on the stakes and/or the salience of error.

4)assertion as something like a proposal to change the context set in that way, a proposal that is adopted if it is not rejected by one of the other parties to the conversation. (Stalnaker 2005: 4) This illustrates a general strategy: characterize assertions as those sayings that have a particular kind of effect. For Stalnaker the relevant effect is on what is presupposed in the conversation, but logical space obviously leaves room for a very wide range of theories about what the relevant effects are and what the effects are on.

Egli (eds),Reference and Anaphoric Relations. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 47–76. Grover, D. , Kamp, J. , and Belnap, N. D. (1975). “A Prosentential Theory of Truth,” Philosophical Studies, 27: 73–125. 17) Hawthorne, J. (2004). Knowledge and Lotteries. Oxford: Oxford University Press. —— and Stanley, J. (2008). “Knowledge and Action,” Journal of Philosophy, 105: 571–90. Hill, C. , and Schechter, J. (2007). “Hawthorne's Lottery Puzzle and the Nature of Belief,”Philosophical Issues, 17: 102–22. Kvanvig, J.

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