By Chris Frazer
Tales approximately postcolonial bandits in Mexico have circulated because the second Mexico gained its independence. Narratives have seemed or been mentioned in a large choice of types: novels, memoirs, trip bills, newspaper articles, the photo arts, social technological know-how literature, videos, ballads, and ancient monographs. throughout the a long time among independence and the Mexican Revolution, bandit narratives have been necessary to the wider nationwide and sophistication struggles among Mexicans and foreigners in regards to the definition and construction of the Mexican nation-state.Bandit country is the 1st whole research of the cultural impression that banditry had on Mexico from the time of its independence to the Mexican Revolution. Chris Frazer makes a speciality of the character and position of international shuttle bills, novels, and renowned ballads, referred to as corridos, to investigate how and why Mexicans and Anglo-Saxon tourists created and used photos of banditry to persuade kingdom formation, hegemony, and nationwide id. Narratives approximately banditry are associated with a social and political debate approximately “mexican-ness” and the character of justice. even though thought of a relic of the prior, the Mexican bandit keeps to forged a protracted shadow over the current, within the kind of narco-traffickers, taxicab hijackers, and Zapatista guerrillas. Bandit kingdom is a crucial contribution to the cultural and the final histories of postcolonial Mexico.
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Additional info for Bandit Nation: A History of Outlaws and Cultural Struggle in Mexico, 1810-1920
The plan guaranteed independence under a constitutional monarchy, recognition of Catholicism as the only state-sanctioned religion, the protection of clerical and military fueros (privileges), and legal equality between Creoles and peninsulares (Spanish-born residents). It also merged royalist and insurgent forces into the so-called Army of the Three Guarantees. With Iturbide at its head, the new army de facto exercised power until a constitutional congress could meet to design a new government.
However, the plan also cleared the way for Iturbide’s imperial ambition. On May 19, 1822, Iturbide coerced the constitutional congress to declare him emperor. His regime collapsed after only eight months, however, mortally wounded by economic stagnation, financial mismanagement, political intolerance, and a domineering centralism that angered pro-Spanish monarchists and republicans alike. These disparate forces rallied behind the military commander of Veracruz, Col. Antonio López de Santa Anna, who rebelled when Iturbide tried to relieve him of his command.
Regular army units or local militias who arrested bandits no longer transported outlaws to a civil court but tried them on the spot or at the nearest pueblo. Many bandits faced execution, but most went to prison. In 1825, Victoria’s government opened a special prison in Mexico City for these bandits in the former headquarters of the Inquisition. 22 The decree also aimed at reducing judicial corruption. The Victoria government believed that corrupt and inept justice officials were encouraging criminal impunity.