Beneath the surface: critical essays in the philosophy of by Eric Katz, Andrew Light, Visit Amazon's David Rothenberg

By Eric Katz, Andrew Light, Visit Amazon's David Rothenberg Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, David Rothenberg,

The philosophy of deep ecology originated within the Nineteen Seventies with the Norwegian thinker Arne Naess and has because unfold all over the world. Its simple premises are a trust within the intrinsic price of nonhuman nature, a trust that ecological ideas should still dictate human activities and ethical reviews, an emphasis on noninterference into traditional tactics, and a critique of materialism and technological progress.This booklet methods deep ecology as a philosophy, no longer as a political, social, or environmental circulate. partially I, the authors evaluate deep ecology's philosophical rules with different positions and debates in environmental philosophy and to different colleges of concept comparable to social ecology, ecofeminism, and ethical pluralism. partly II, they examine the connections among deep ecology and different modern international perspectives, resembling continental philosophy, postmodernism, and non-Western philosophical traditions. the 1st anthology on deep ecology that isn't really essentially the paintings of the movement's fans, underneath the outside bargains a rigorous review of deep ecology's strengths and weaknesses as a philosophical position.Contributors : John Clark, Deane Curtin, Arran Gare, William gray, Mathew Humphrey, Knut Jacobsen, Eric Katz, Andrew gentle, Jonathan Maskit, Val Plumwood, David Rothenberg, Ariel Salleh, Bron Taylor, Michael Zimmerman.

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21 Brennan's view "involves the recognition that all human life is lived within some natural context and that it is in terms of that context that the identities of very different human lives are forged. "22 All human policies of action, all human ethical and political decisions, must be made in terms of the natural context; thus all human thought and action, if it is to be adequate to the real world, must adopt an ecocentric perspective. In sum, there is no shortage of holistic and ecocentric environmental philosophies.

12 Rolston begins by emphasizing the ecological context of living organisms. The struggle of the living organism is a struggle within a system, an environmental situation. "13 Using an elephant as an example, Rolston writes: The elephant fits the savannas just as much as its heart fits its liver; within and without there is equal fitness in amount but not in kind. . Savannas and forests are as necessary to elephants as hearts and livers. In the complete picture, the outside is as vital as the inside.

These principles imply that we must always look at ideas holistically, relating them to their larger context. It means patiently looking at the whole of any person's thought, and noting the connections between all its aspects. It means recognizing that ideas are always in a process of development, and that this development has more than one possible path. It means discovering how value (whether in nature or in theories and ideas) is widely dispersed, yet can be seen to contribute to a larger, developing good.

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