Caesarea Philippi: Banias, The Lost City of Pan by John Wilson

By John Wilson

Banias is a urban that has obvious nearly all ages of heritage go through it: from Canaanite occasions, through the Romans and the Crusades, to its eventual destruction within the 1967 Six Days conflict. John Francis Wilson brings us the 1st non-stop heritage of this interesting urban. Herod, Vespasian, Saladin or even Mark Twain have all left their mark at the urban of Pan, whose tale can now be dropped at the final reader for the 1st time. John Francis Wilson has had entire entry to the positioning and has drawn upon a wealth of resources so that it will give you the first finished background of this notable urban. Banias's vital position in political, army and non secular advancements has lengthy been deserving of a continual narrative that takes within the complete spectrum of the city's historical past. With the e-book of this publication, Banias' tale will be learn by way of either the student and the overall reader alike.

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Sample text

At that mountain fortress-city near the Sea of Galilee, some of them would indeed meet a terrible fate later in the struggle with Rome. Second, Agrippa, finally receiving intelligence on the situation, recalled Varus and replaced him with a new governor for the city, Aequus Modius. Third, the presence of Babylonian Jewish military units at Gamala, commanded by Philip, son of Jacimus, and the latter’s skilful diplomacy, dissuaded the gentile citizens of Caesarea Philippi from carrying out the massacre and thus causing all-out war between Jews and gentiles throughout the principality.

It was magnificently built, apparently by the empire’s finest architects and engineers, and was extensively decorated with mosaics, painted stucco and marble veneering and detailing. 128 The eastern side of the building consisted of a series of massive arched rooms that have survived intact, due to their incorporation into a medieval citadel. These rooms led into a magnificent apsidal basilica, which may have served as the audience hall or throne room of the king. An elaborate system of expertly constructed channels brought water from the springs directly into the palace to supply the many pools and fountains in its internal courtyards.

68 Agrippa may also have been responsible for certain changes in the nature of the imperial cult as practised in Banias. Consistent with normal practice, the Augusteum, so prominently pictured on the coins of Herod Philip, was no longer limited to the cult of Augustus, becoming instead the sanctuary for the worship of each successive reigning emperor. 69 It seems likely, however, that this change took place even earlier, and that the series of coins discussed above which honoured the succeeding imperial families of Rome were produced by the temple authorities during the interregnum.

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