Cardiovascular Disease in Racial and Ethnic Minorities by K. C. Ferdinand MD, A. Armani MD (auth.), Keith C. Ferdinand

By K. C. Ferdinand MD, A. Armani MD (auth.), Keith C. Ferdinand MD, Annemarie Armani MD (eds.)

Cardiovascular center ailment mortality in African americans is the top of all significant racial/ethnic subpopulations within the usa. reading race and ethnicity, heart problems in Racial and Ethnic Minorities will display that there are unacceptable healthcare disparities in chance issue incidence, sickness states, and cardiovascular results within the usa. Written via a crew of specialists, heart problems in Racial and Ethnic Minorities examines to what measure biomedical and clinical literature can make clear the impression of genetic version as opposed to setting as regarding heart problems. Chapters illustrate the value of cardiovascular and metabolic disparities and the influence of setting on diseases.

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008) (46). The 2005–2006 NHANES data again demonstrate the continuing epidemic of obesity in the United States, and especially the marked racial and ethnic disparities in the prevalence of obesity in women but not in men (Fig. 8) (47). 3. Emerging Risk Factors and Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Risk The NHANES also provides data on the prevalence of emerging risk factors for CVD stratified by sex, race/ethnicity, and education level (Table 3) (33). Among men who had not completed a high school education, the prevalence of elevated concentrations of CRP is high among whites.

Source: Nasir K, Shaw LJ, Liu ST, et al. Ethnic differences in the prognostic value of coronary artery calcification for all-cause mortality. J Am Coll Cardiol 2007 September 4;50 (10):953–960 (49). factors, with a much higher frequency of “no risk factors” in Asians across ethnic subgroups and greater frequency of 3 or more risk factors in AfricanAmericans (50). 6. CARDIOVASCULAR MORBIDITY Nearly 81 million Americans, about one in three live with one or more forms of CVD (51). The most common of these include hypertension, coronary heart disease, chronic heart failure, and stroke.

Additionally considered is the Dallas Heart Study, which demonstrated that LVH is two- to three-fold more common in black women than white women (38). Tyler and Bellumkonda also depict the impact of diabetes, particularly its severe CV consequences in women, with impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation when compared to non-diabetic women. A critical component of the authors chapter is a comprehensive description of major CVD risks in women and their harmful effects, including smoking as few as 1–4 cigarettes a day associated with a two-fold increase in risk of fatal (39) CHD or non-fatal infarction and the impact of the lack of leisure time physical activity (40).

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