Category Archives: History Culture

The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected by Lawrence Lessig

By Lawrence Lessig

The net revolution has come. a few say it has long gone. In the way forward for Ideas, Lawrence Lessig explains how the revolution has produced a counterrevolution of probably devastating strength and impression. Creativity as soon as flourished as the web safe a commons on which widest variety of innovators may scan. yet now, manipulating the legislation for his or her personal reasons, agencies have verified themselves as digital gatekeepers of the web whereas Congress, within the wallet of media magnates, has rewritten copyright and patent legislation to stifle creativity and progress.

Lessig weaves the historical past of expertise and its appropriate legislation to make a lucid and available case to guard the sanctity of highbrow freedom. He exhibits how the door to a way forward for principles is being close simply as expertise is growing striking probabilities that experience implications for we all. important, eloquent, really appropriate and forthright, The way forward for Ideas is a decision to palms that we will unwell have the funds for to disregard.

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Electronic Government: Second International Conference, EGOV by Roland Traunmüller

By Roland Traunmüller

The EGOV convention sequence intends to evaluate the cutting-edge in e-Gove- ment and to supply information for examine and improvement during this fast-moving ?eld. the once a year meetings assemble major learn specialists and p- fessionals from all around the globe. hence, EGOV 2003 in Prague outfitted at the achievements of the first EGOV convention (Aix-en-Provence, 2002), which p- vided an illustrative assessment of e-Government actions. This yr the curiosity even elevated: approximately a hundred contributions, and authors coming from 34 nations. during this means EGOV convention 2003 was once a reunion for pros from all around the globe. EGOV 2003 introduced a few alterations within the define and constitution of the c- ference. in response to the broadening of the ?eld and progressively more s- missions it grew to become essential to decentralize the reviewing approach. So reviewing was once performed through flow chairs who deserve excessive compliment for his or her devoted paintings. additionally, a workshop half used to be integrated to hide a few topics of rising signi?cance, comparable to dissemination, networking, and local advancements. F- ther, a subtitle of the convention was once selected that will reflect the growth of e-Government to e-Governance. therefore, during this year’s convention gov- nance, democratic deliberation and criminal concerns occupied a growing to be percentage. final, yet now not least, GIS was once included as an issue because of the expanding significance of geographical info structures for making plans and operations.

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Sematech: saving the U.S. semiconductor industry by Larry D. Browning

By Larry D. Browning

Although the microchip is an American invention, early, unbridled festival between U.S. businesses and the global race for brand new items allowed the japanese to maneuver in at the microchip marketplace. by means of the mid-1980s, Japan ruled the undefined, during this state in addition to overseas, and the U.S. semiconductor confronted irrecoverable lack of construction power. Desperation resulted in the production of Sematech.

In Sematech, Larry D. Browning and Judy C. Shetler hint the historical past of Sematech, a consortium shaped by means of fourteen significant American semiconductor brands and the U.S. executive. Sematech's founders have been acutely aware that consortia emphasizing cooperative study have been unsuccessful; Sematech deliberate a distinct strategy. Its founding constitution acknowledged its aim: "To give you the U.S. semiconductor the potential for global management in manufacturing"; in different phrases, increase center production competence with out making finish products.

By 1994, U.S. chip makers have been once more forward in international industry percentage, and Sematech started to part out executive investment. Sematech's luck used to be in response to first choosing the corporations with the easiest working options to every challenge after which disseminating those practices to the industry.

Sematech not just supplied an answer to many difficulties of the U.S. semiconductor undefined, it additionally supplied a template for different public/private organizations. studying what Sematech did and the way it did it is very important the healthiness of the U.S. economic system in an more and more multinational aggressive environment.

Browning and Shetler's well-written, considerate background will tell and interact company historians, managers, public coverage students, and others drawn to the improvement and luck of the U.S. desktop chip and the applying of its recommendations to different fields of business.

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The IT / digital legal companion: A comprehensive business by Gene K. Landy

By Gene K. Landy

To compete successfully in electronic enterprise markets, you must know the way the legislations impacts your electronic expertise business.
The contents contain certain undeniable English enterprise and felony assistance on:
* highbrow estate for electronic Business
* electronic agreement Fundamentals
* Open Source
* improvement and Consulting
* software program as a Service
* software program Licensing and Distribution
* internet and web Agreements
* Privacy
* electronic Multimedia content material and Distribution
* IT Standards
* net and cellular expertise and content material Deals
* online game Deals
* foreign Distribution
* felony Affairs Management
* types Appendix within the ebook and downloadable on-line 38 pattern varieties for offers and transactions and for the Web
The content material is going from the fundamentals to complex themes resembling off-shoring, anti-circumvention, open resource enterprise versions, user-created content material, opposite engineering, cellular media distribution, net and video game improvement, mash-ups, internet widgets, and hugely multiplayer games.
This booklet is designed to empower you to:
* comprehend the interplay among legislations, funds and technology
* receive and make the most a portfolio of IP assets
* construct and make stronger optimistic relationships with different companies
* Leverage your technologies
* deal with hazards in markets with many uncertainties
* Make higher offers and shut bargains extra quickly
* Act extra decisively and expectantly in criminal matters
This e-book will make you a lot smarter approximately recognizing matters, perceiving chance, considering strategically, surroundings priorities and utilizing criminal prone successfully and successfully. this is often the main accomplished layperson's e-book at the subject.
Key Features:
* A "need-to-know" criminal spouse for these competing in electronic enterprise markets within the US and round the world
* issues out the connection among felony concerns and enterprise techniques, wishes and goals
* in response to 15 years of criminal perform in all facets of electronic, IT, software program and laptop legislations

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Affect and Artificial Intelligence by Elizabeth A. Wilson

By Elizabeth A. Wilson

In 1950, Alan Turing, the British mathematician, cryptographer, and desktop pioneer, regarded to the long run: now that the conceptual and technical parameters for digital brains have been demonstrated, what sort of intelligence can be equipped? should still laptop intelligence mimic the summary deliberating a chess participant or may still or not it's extra just like the constructing brain of a kid? may still an clever agent in simple terms imagine, or may still it additionally examine, consider, and grow?

Affect and synthetic Intelligence is the 1st in-depth research of have an effect on and intersubjectivity within the computational sciences. Elizabeth Wilson uses archival and unpublished fabric from the early years of AI (1945–70) till the current to teach that early researchers have been extra engaged with questions of emotion than many commentators have assumed. She files how affectivity used to be controlled within the canonical works of Walter Pitts within the Nineteen Forties and Turing within the Fifties, in initiatives from the Nineteen Sixties that injected man made brokers into psychotherapeutic encounters, in chess-playing machines from the Forties to the current, and within the Kismet (sociable robotics) undertaking at MIT within the Nineties.

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Online Dispute Resolution for Consumers in the European by Pablo Cortés

By Pablo Cortés

E-commerce deals giant demanding situations to conventional dispute answer equipment, because it includes events usually situated in numerous elements of the area making contracts with one another on the click on of a mouse. using conventional litigation for disputes bobbing up during this discussion board is usually inconvenient, impractical, time-consuming and costly as a result of low worth of the transactions and the actual distance among the events. therefore glossy felony platforms face a very important selection: both to undertake conventional dispute solution tools that experience served the felony platforms good for centuries or to discover new tools that are higher suited for an international now not anchored in territorial borders. on-line Dispute answer (ODR), initially an off-shoot of different Dispute answer (ADR), takes good thing about the rate and comfort of the web, changing into the easiest, and infrequently the best choice for reinforcing client redress and strengthening their belief in e-commerce. This booklet presents an in-depth account of the opportunity of ODR for eu shoppers, supplying a complete and recent research of the improvement of ODR. It considers the present growth of ODR and evaluates the demanding situations posed in its development. The e-book proposes the construction of criminal criteria to shut the distance among the opportunity of ODR prone and their real use, arguing that ODR, whether it is to grasp its complete strength within the answer of e-commerce disputes and within the enforcement of customer rights, needs to be grounded firmly on a eu regulatory version.

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E-Commerce Systems Architecture and Applications by Wasim Rajput

By Wasim Rajput

This article provides a survey of the instruments and applied sciences used for development an e-commerce method. It explores a number of the sorts of advertisement transactions - company to company, company to client and intra-business - and examines the influence e-commerce has on an enterprise's IT procedure.

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Websites and the Law: Protect Your Position (Thorogood by Susan Singleton

By Susan Singleton

This specific record bargains with the entire useful felony concerns that come up from web content, either these websites which promote items or prone and people which market it.

Most businesses within the united kingdom have an internet site. many don't keep on with the laws. legislation and laws are being further for all time and the chance of non-compliance is turning out to be with them. some of the criminal ideas stem from the EU―from these governing distance studying to e-commerce and information safety. This specialist file will make sure that you could relaxation guaranteed that you're doing every thing you want to do to conform with the legislation: be transparent approximately your criminal tasks; comprehend what your tasks are; pay attention to the traps and pitfalls; and stay away from consequences

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The universal history of computing : from the abacus to the by Georges Ifrah

By Georges Ifrah

"A interesting compendium of knowledge approximately writing systems–both for phrases and numbers."
–Publishers Weekly

"A actually enlightening and engaging examine for the mathematically orientated reader."
–Booklist

"Well researched. . . . This booklet is a wealthy source for these excited about studying the historical past of computers."
–The arithmetic Teacher

In this awesome follow-up to his landmark foreign bestseller, The common historical past of Numbers, Georges Ifrah strains the advance of computing from the discovery of the abacus to the production of the binary approach 3 centuries in the past to the tremendous conceptual, medical, and technical achievements that made the 1st smooth desktops attainable. Ifrah takes us alongside as he visits mathematicians, visionaries, philosophers, and students from each nook of the area and each interval of background. We know about the births of the pocket calculator, the including laptop, the money sign up, or even automata. we discover out how the origins of the pc are available within the eu Renaissance, besides how global battle II prompted the improvement of analytical calculation. And we discover such sizzling subject matters as numerical codes and the hot discovery of recent types of quantity structures, comparable to "surreal" numbers.

Adventurous and spell binding, The common background of Computing is an stunning success that not just unravels the epic story of computing, but in addition tells the compelling tale of human intelligence–and how a lot additional we nonetheless need to go.

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The Unchained Bible: Cultural Appropriations of Biblical by Hugh S. Pyper

By Hugh S. Pyper

This quantity explores a couple of circumstances of unforeseen yet influential readings of the Bible in pop culture, literature, movie, track and politics. The argument in them all is that the results of the Bible maintains to affect modern tradition in ways in which may possibly shock and infrequently dismay either spiritual and secular teams. That the Bible was once at one time chained in church buildings is right. The subversive misreading of this enchainment as an emblem of a e-book in captivity to the tested church is difficult to suppress, in spite of the fact that. but, as soon as published from those chains, the Bible proves to be a textual content that will get far and wide and which undergoes fabulous and occasionally contradictory metamorphoses. The pious advocates of creating the Bible obtainable who sought to unfastened it from the church buildings' chains are the very those who then decry a few of the effects whilst the Bible is unfastened to roam.

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