Category Archives: Semantics

Semantic Leaps: Frame-Shifting and Conceptual Blending in by Seana Coulson

By Seana Coulson

Semantic Leaps explores how humans mix wisdom from varied domain names with a view to comprehend and exhibit new rules. focusing on dynamic elements of online which means building, Coulson identifies similar units of approaches: frame-shifting and conceptual mixing. through addressing linguistic phenomena usually overlooked in conventional which means study, Coulson explains how strategies of cross-domain mapping, frame-shifting, and conceptual mixing improve the explanatory adequacy of conventional frame-based structures for typical language processing. the focal point is on how the positive strategies audio system use to collect, hyperlink, and adapt uncomplicated cognitive types underlie a wide diversity of effective language habit.

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Subjectification: Various Paths to Subjectivity by Costas Canakis, Angeliki Athanasiadou, Bert Cornillie

By Costas Canakis, Angeliki Athanasiadou, Bert Cornillie

Subjectification is a common phenomenon and has emerged as a such a lot pervasive tendency in diachronic semantic switch (Traugott) and synchronic semantic extension (Langacker). The papers of this thematic quantity emphasize the significance of the actual strategy and likewise advance and expand it past at present to be had released examine. The problem for each unmarried paper is to teach even if the 2 significant methods (Langacker´s and Traugott´s) can most likely be built-in or whether or not they are essentially varied. The papers additionally examine no matter if we have now a continuum from hugely subjective to extra goal, no matter if subjective desire be against target, or no matter if subjective can also be understood not like impartial, that is usually the case in Traugott's examples of grammaticalization. additionally, the difficulty of intersubjectivity, i.e., placing the addressee's point of view onstage, is additionally mentioned.

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Dynamic Semantics by Paul J.E. Dekker (auth.)

By Paul J.E. Dekker (auth.)

The built-in idea of dynamic interpretation set out right here can be a shock to complex researchers in linguistics. It combines classical formal semantics and sleek dynamic semantics with no changing the basic paradigm. on the book’s middle lies a pragmatically influenced thought of a dynamic conjunction of meanings, an concept that's labored out in complete formal aspect. this is often utilized to linguistic phenomena that contain anaphora, quantification and modality. the writer demonstrates that during every one quarter of program present facts will be well mixed with new dynamic insights, yet extra importantly, there's a actual additional pay-off: the paintings generates remedies of phenomena that weren't first and foremost meant, with useful readings of pronouns and quantifiers, ‘Hob-Nob’ sentences, and insights into what we now name ‘Pierce’s Puzzle’. the end result of a decade of labor by way of the Amsterdam university of dynamic semantics, this quantity condenses and displays upon an important physique of research.

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Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The by Rijk

By Rijk

This learn intends to teach that the ascription of many shortcomings or obscurities to Aristotle is because of the chronic misinterpretation of key notions in his works, together with anachronistic perceptions of assertion making. within the first quantity, released individually (ISBN: 90-04-12324-5), Aristotle's semantics is culled from the Organon. This moment quantity offers Aristotle's ontology of the sublunar global, and can pay targeted cognizance to his technique of argument in gentle of his semantic perspectives. This ebook is geared toward all these attracted to historic and Medieval Philosophy, the background of common sense and semantics, and the advance of metaphysics, in addition to classical philologists and theologians.

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Corpus Stylistics in Principles and Practice: A Stylistic by Yufang Ho

By Yufang Ho

In this publication, Yufang Ho compares the textual content variety distinction among the 2 types of John Fowles' The Magus, exemplifying the methodological ideas and analytic practices of the corpus stylistic approach.

The Magus was first released in 1966 and was once revised and republished by means of Fowles in 1977. Fowles' personal touch upon the second one version used to be that it used to be 'rather greater than a stylistic revision.' The booklet explores how the revised model is linguistically varied from the unique, specifically by way of standpoint (re) illustration. The corpus stylistic method followed combines qualitative and quantitative comparability to verify the general textual content variety distinction. The research demonstrates that machine assisted tools can establish major linguistic good points which literary critics haven't spotted and supply a extra targeted descriptive foundation for literary interpretation of (either variation) of the unconventional. This research of The Magus serves as a case research and exemplar of the way corpus recommendations can be used mostly within the learn of linguistics.

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Neuromimetic Semantics: Coordination, Quantification, and by Harry Howard

By Harry Howard

This booklet makes an attempt to marry truth-conditional semantics with cognitive linguistics within the church of computational neuroscience. To this finish, it examines the truth-conditional meanings of coordinators, quantifiers, and collective predicates as neurophysiological phenomena which are amenable to a neurocomputational research. Drawing thought from paintings on visible processing, and particularly the simple/complex mobile contrast in early imaginative and prescient (V1), we declare related two-layer structure is enough to examine the truth-conditional meanings of the logical coordinators and logical quantifiers. As a prerequisite, a lot dialogue is given over to what a neurologically believable illustration of the meanings of this stuff may seem like. We finally choose a illustration when it comes to correlation, in order that, for example, the semantic enter to the common operators (e.g. and, all)is represented as maximally correlated, whereas the semantic enter to the common unfavourable operators (e.g. nor, no)is represented as maximally anticorrelated. at the foundation this illustration, the speculation will be provided that the functionality of the logical operators is to extract an invariant characteristic from normal events, that of measure of correlation among components of the location. This end result units up a chic formal analogy to contemporary types of visible processing, which argue that the functionality of early imaginative and prescient is to lessen the redundancy inherent in typical photos. Computational simulations are designed during which the logical operators are discovered through associating their phonological shape with some extent of correlation within the inputs, in order that the general functionality of the method is as an easy type of trend attractiveness. numerous studying ideas are assayed, specially these of the Hebbian type, that are those with the main neurological help. studying vector quantization (LVQ) is proven to be a perspicuous and effective technique of studying the styles which are of curiosity. We draw a proper parallelism among the preliminary, aggressive layer of LVQ and the easy mobile layer in V1, and among the ultimate, linear layer of LVQ and the advanced mobilephone layer in V1, in that the preliminary layers are either selective, whereas the ultimate layers either generalize. it's also proven how the representations argued for can be utilized to attract the traditionally-recognized inferences bobbing up from coordination and quantification, and why the inference of subalternacy breaks down for collective predicates. eventually, the analogies among early imaginative and prescient and the logical operators let us improve the declare of cognitive linguistics that language isn't really processed via proprietary algorithms, yet fairly by way of algorithms which are common to the complete mind. therefore within the debate among objectivist and experiential metaphysics, this ebook falls squarely into the camp of the latter. but it does so by way of a rigorous formal, mathematical, and neurological exposition - in contradiction of the experiential declare that formal research has no position within the realizing of cognition. To make our personal counter-claim as specific as attainable, we current a comic strip of the LVQ constitution when it comes to mereotopology, within which the preliminary layer of the community plays topological operations, whereas the ultimate layer plays mereological operations.The publication is intended to be self-contained, within the experience that it doesn't imagine any earlier wisdom of any of the numerous parts which are touched upon. It consequently includes mini-summaries of organic visible processing, specially the retinocortical and ventral /what?/ parvocellular pathways; computational versions of neural signaling, and particularly the aid of the Hodgkin-Huxley equations to the connectionist and integrate-and-fire neurons; Hebbian studying ideas and the elaboration of studying vector quantization; the linguistic pathway within the left hemisphere; reminiscence and the hippocampus; truth-conditional vs. image-schematic semantics; objectivist vs. experiential metaphysics; and mereotopology. all the simulations are carried out in MATLAB, and the code is obtainable from the book's site. ·The discovery of a number of algorithmic similarities among visison and semantics.·The aid of all of this by way of simulations, and the packaging of all of this in a coherent theoretical framework.

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Assertion: New Philosophical Essays by Jessica Brown, Herman Cappelen

By Jessica Brown, Herman Cappelen

Statement is a basic function of language. This quantity may be the position to seem for someone attracted to present paintings at the subject. Philosophers of language and epistemologists sign up for forces to explain what sort of speech act statement is, really in gentle of relativist perspectives of fact, and the way statement is ruled by means of epistemic norms.

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