Category Archives: Social Science

Weaponizing Anthropology: Social Science in Service of the by David H. Price

By David H. Price

Within the years considering that September eleven, 2001, David rate has been on the leading edge of public debates over the moral and political matters raised through the use of anthropology for America’s terror wars. Weaponizing Anthropology info the fast militarization of anthropology and incursions via the CIA and different intelligence enterprises onto American college campuses. expense combines his specialist wisdom of the background of anthropologists’ collaborations with army and intelligence firms with an activist stance opposing present efforts to weaponize anthropology in worldwide counterinsurgency campaigns. With the quick development of yankee army operations counting on cultural wisdom as a strategic device for conquest and keep an eye on, disciplinary loyalties aligning anthropologists with the peoples they learn are strained in new methods as army sponsors search to remodel learn matters into ambitions and collaborators. Weaponizing Anthropology gives you political and moral evaluations of a brand new new release of counterinsurgency courses like Human Terrain structures, and a wide variety of recent educational investment courses just like the Minerva Consortium, the Pat Roberts Intelligence students application, and the Intelligence neighborhood facilities of educational Excellence, that now carry the CIA and Pentagon onto collage campuses. Weaponizing Anthropology bargains a concise and profound critique of the quick transformation of yankee social technology into an appendage of the nationwide safeguard State.

“Even prior to he released this masterly and accomplished account, David rate has lengthy been within the vanguard of these caution of the opposed results of militarizing the human sciences. Now, by way of matching a rare command of the assets to a telling sensitivity to the political and highbrow effects, he demonstrates during this definitive paintings that weaponizing anthropology is as harmful to the soul of the kingdom because it is to the integrity of the science.” —Marshall Sahlins, collage of Chicago

“David expense once more proves that he's considered one of America’s most vital engaged students and insightful public intellectuals. Weaponizing Anthropology is a superb research of not just how the social sciences are more and more changing into an essential component of the conflict nation but in addition how wisdom and tradition are topic to new modes of militarization, geared up in a number of new methods for the construction of country violence. this can be the most very important books written within the previous couple of many years at the merging of the army and intelligence firms with the academy. superbly written and conscientiously argued, Weaponizing Anthropology is a needs to learn for college kids, educators, and an individual else excited by the destiny of the academy, the corruption of anthropology, the militarization of politics, and the way forward for democracy.” —Henry Giroux, McMaster Univeristy, writer of University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex

“Just approximately any undergraduate anthropology path is probably going to start with a ritual denunciation of early anthropology as a colonialist undertaking, implying that something written ahead of, say, 1970 used to be hopelessly corrupted by means of its entanglement in racism, imperialism, and genocide. It’s continuously acknowledged in this kind of means in order suggest that evidently, this is often not the case. this wonderful, well timed, and wonderfully researched paintings demonstrates simply how improper and self-serving this average account fairly is. Anthropology used to be continually a box of political fight among servants and rivals of imperialism and it nonetheless is—with a lot of our investment, employment, and learn course nonetheless coming without delay from the CIA and US army. not anyone really serious about the integrity of the self-discipline can manage to pay for to disregard this crucial book.” —David Graeber, Goldsmiths, college of London, writer of Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology

“[David cost is] the major authority at the ways that anthropology has been utilized by the military.” —Jeremy Keenan, Times larger schooling Supplement

“A readability of political precept has prompted David Price’s paintings during the last 20 years. expense has been a determined—if occasionally lonely—voice highlighting the hazards of anthropological collaboration, either covert and overt, with army and intelligence firms. cost is in part prompted through frustration at what he sees because the silences surrounding army involvements, and the way a scarcity of institutional and disciplinary reminiscence has political effects, so much vividly visible within the more and more open position performed through anthropologists in wrestle operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.” —David generators, collage of Oxford. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute

“David expense is a cartographer of covert strength. He maps in topographic element how deeply the CIA and different intelligence firms have infiltrated American campuses, recruiting scholars, directors and lecturers to paintings for the darkish part. This meticulously researched e-book finds how the self-discipline of anthropology has been perverted right into a digital ‘smart bomb’ to be inflicted on indigenous populations who stand within the direction of the imperial desktop. Weaponizing Anthropology is a required box consultant for the way to identify a spook within the post-9/11 world.” —Jeffrey St. Clair, co-editor of CounterPunch, writer of Born less than a foul Sky

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Science Fiction and Organization (Routledge Studies in Human

Technology fiction might be visible as a analysis of the current, and a imaginative and prescient of attainable futures. It consequently presents an outstanding source with which to interrogate either modern organizing techniques and businesses as associations. The marginal task of technological know-how fiction has, in spite of the fact that, been principally overlooked in writing on association idea. This foreign assortment is the 1st e-book of its style to discover how technology fiction can increase experiences of association via drawing on views around the arts and social sciences.

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What 1.3 Billion Muslims Really Think: An Answer to a Recent by Arno Tausch

By Arno Tausch

This ebook is predicated at the quantitative, multivariate research of the realm Values Survey facts from greater than eighty international locations all over the world at the political and social values of the world's Muslim groups through overseas comparability.

Global Muslims and in addition the Muslim groups in Western democracies are value-conservative, family-oriented, yet supportive of democracy. This research takes up the belief of 'Asabiyya' ('social cohesion'), inherent in vintage Arab historiography, first defined through Ibn Chaldun (1332 to 1406) in his very important paintings

"Muqaddimah". Is 'modernisation' with no 'spiritual values' attainable in the end? As a fashion out from the modernisation capture of societies, characterized through large-scale social anomaly, the 'active society' of volunteer business enterprise paintings is the easiest societal medication in contrast form of worth decay, that's so universal in international locations like France, Brazil, or such a lot of East principal Europe and the previous USSR. An energetic type of spiritual or non-religious humanism, which gives a noble motivation for such actions as volunteer social prone, is a truly useful precondition for social team spirit within the twenty first Century.

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Vaulting Ambition: Sociobiology and the Quest for Human by Philip Kitcher

By Philip Kitcher

Vaulting Ambition is the 1st large and distinctive overview of the arguable claims that sociobiologists have made approximately human nature and human social habit. It increases the "sociobiology debate" to a brand new point, relocating past arguments concerning the politics of many of the events concerned, the measure to which sociobiology assumes genetic determinism, or the falsifiability of the final theory.Sociobiology has made loads of noise within the renowned highbrow tradition. Vaulting Ambition cuts throughout the fees and counter-charges to take a troublesome examine the claims and analyses provided by means of the sociobiologists. It examines what the claims suggest, how they relate to straightforward evolutionary thought, how the organic versions are meant to paintings, and what's incorrect with the headline-grabbing proclamations of human sociobiology. specifically, it refutes the notions that people are trapped by means of their evolutionary biology and heritage in ceaselessly repeating styles of aggression, xenophobia, and deceitfulness, or that the inequities of intercourse, race, and sophistication are genetically established or culturally made up our minds. And it takes up problems with human altruism, freedom, and ethics as well.Kitcher weighs the facts for sociobiology, for human sociobiology, and for "the pop sociobiological view" of human nature that has engendered the talk. He concludes that during the sphere of nonhuman animal experiences, rigorous and methodologically sound paintings concerning the social lives of bugs, birds, and mammals has been performed. yet in utilising the theories to human beings-where much more exacting criteria of facts are referred to as for as a result of strength social catastrophe inherent in adopting a operating speculation as a foundation for public coverage - some of the similar scientists turn into wildly speculative, development grand conclusions from what Kitcher exhibits to be shoddy research and flimsy argument.While it can be attainable to enhance a real technology of human habit in accordance with evolutionary biology, genetics, cognition, and tradition, Kitcher issues out that the sociobiology that has been loudly marketed within the renowned and highbrow press isn't really it. Pop sociobiology has in truth been felled via its overambitious and overreaching creators.Philip Kitcher is Professor of Philosophy on the college of Minnesota, and Director of its heart for the Philosophy of technology. He brings a distinct blend of educating in philosophy, arithmetic, and biology to this thorough remedy of sociobiology. Kitcher is the writer of an both looking out booklet on "Scientific" Creationism, Abusing technological know-how, released by way of The MIT Press in 1982 and to be had in paperback.

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Max Weber Matters: Interweaving Past and Present

This quantity in actual fact communicates that Weber's effect is of significant value to the historical past of social technology, and to appreciating the theoretical paintings of different social scientists within the sleek age. Its insightful and well timed book includes topical and cutting edge paintings discussing Weber in more than a few historic and modern questions together with: the talk surrounding the Da Vinci code; the charismatic position of martyrs;

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Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences by Alexander L. George, Andrew Bennett

By Alexander L. George, Andrew Bennett

Winner of the 2006 Giovanni Sartori e-book Award, given through the yank Political technology Association's Qualitative equipment Section.

using case reports to construct and try theories in political technology and the opposite social sciences has elevated lately. Many students have argued that the social sciences depend too seriously on quantitative examine and formal versions and hence have tried to enhance and refine rigorous tools for utilizing case experiences. this article offers a entire research of analysis equipment utilizing case stories and examines where of case reviews in social technological know-how method. It argues that case reviews, statistical tools, and formal types are complementary instead of competitive.

The ebook explains the way to layout case examine examine that may produce effects worthy to policymakers and it emphasizes the significance of constructing policy-relevant theories. It bargains 3 significant contributions to case research technique: an emphasis at the significance of within-case research, a close dialogue of procedure tracing, and improvement of the concept that of typological theories. Case experiences and idea improvement within the Social Sciences should be fairly important to graduate scholars and students in social technology method and the philosophy of technology, in addition to to these designing new examine initiatives, and should give a contribution drastically to the wider debate approximately clinical tools.

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Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World by Claude Lévi-Strauss

By Claude Lévi-Strauss

Anthropology Confronts the issues of the trendy World is the 1st English translation of a chain of lectures Claude Lévi-Strauss introduced in Tokyo in 1986. Written with an eye fixed towards the long run as his personal extraordinary profession was once drawing to an in depth, this quantity provides a synthesis of the author’s significant rules approximately structural anthropology, a box he helped identify. Critiquing insights of his previous writings at the courting among race, heritage, and civilization, Lévi-Strauss revisits the social concerns that by no means ceased to fascinate him.

He starts off with the statement that the cultural supremacy loved by means of the West for over centuries is at an finish. international wars and genocides within the 20th century have fatally undermined Western religion in humanity’s development via medical growth. Anthropology, in spite of the fact that, might be the automobile of a brand new “democratic humanism,” broadening conventional frameworks that experience constrained cross-cultural understandings of the human situation, and delivering a foundation for inquiries into what different civilizations, reminiscent of these of Asia, can teach.

Surveying an international near to the twenty-first century, Lévi-Strauss assesses a number of the dilemmas of cultural and ethical relativism a globalized society faces—ethical dimensions of financial inequality, the increase of alternative varieties of non secular fundamentalism, the promise and peril of genetic and reproductive engineering. A laboratory of idea beginning onto the long run, Anthropology Confronts the issues of the trendy World is a crucial addition to the canon of 1 of the twentieth-century’s so much influential theorists.

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Ancient and Hellenistic Thought (Understanding Philosophy) by Joan A Price

By Joan A Price

Historical thinkers supplied the rules of the philosophical approach, reading the universe's goal, in addition to humankind's position inside of it. This identify covers pre-Socratic, Classical, and Hellenistic philosophers and their theories, illuminating a few of the enduring solutions given in regards to the nature of the area and people who dwell in it.

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Heidegger et l'antisémitisme: Sur les Cahiers noirs by Peter Trawny

By Peter Trawny

L. a. booklet des « Cahiers noirs » de Heidegger en Allemagne a mis au jour plusieurs passages, écrits dans les années 1938-1941, au contenu antisémite incontestable. Peter Trawny, spécialiste de Heidegger et éditeur de ces « Cahiers », affronte ici le choc de ces pages mettant en query l. a. thèse prédominante jusqu’à aujourd’hui qui voudrait que l’engagement de Heidegger dans le national-socialisme n’ait pas impliqué de sa half une adhésion à l’antisémitisme. Selon Peter Trawny, si Heidegger s’écarte de l’antisémitisme « vulgaire » des nazis, il en donne bien une reformulation en termes d’« histoire de l’être ». Autrement dit, il intègre l’antisémitisme à son interprétation philosophique de l’Histoire mondiale.Comment penser ce désastre du jugement de los angeles half d’un des plus grands philosophes du XXe siècle, qui a exercé une profonde effect sur Hannah Arendt, Leo Strauss, Jean-Paul Sartre, Emmanuel Levinas, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault et tant d’autres ? Avec tout le sérieux scientifique, le sens historique et philosophique qui s’imposent à l’interprète, l’auteur cherche à répondre aux questions que soulève cette découverte.Directeur de l’Institut Martin Heidegger et professeur à l’université de Wuppertal, Peter Trawny est notamment l’auteur de monographies sur Hannah Arendt, Socrate et Ernst Jünger. Traduit de l’allemand par Julia Christ et Jean-Claude Monod.

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