By Catherine M. Tucker
Drawing on ethnographic and archival examine, this publication explores how the indigenous Lenca neighborhood of l. a. Campa, Honduras, has conserved and reworked their communal forests in the course of the stories of colonialism, competition to state-controlled logging, and the new adoption of export-oriented espresso creation. The publication merges political ecology, collective-action theories, and institutional research to check how the folk and forests have replaced via quite a few transitions.
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Extra resources for Changing Forests: Collective Action, Common Property, and Coffee in Honduras
A former alcalde of La Campa, The Spanish Conquest 25 Don Alcides, reported that a historian in Gracias had found a document written by an architect named Campa, who wrote that he had designed and directed the construction of a church, which appeared to be the one in La Campa. The author lauded the people of the village for their dedication and organization. Don Alcides thought the document had been lost upon the historian’s death. There are two versions of the founding of the village of La Campa.
This meant that alcaldes had to work closely with a political rival; the mechanism helped to limit corruption and ensure transparency in decision making. Council members could be elected from any village in the municipio, so power did not become concentrated in the Centro. Moreover, each village in the municipio selected several auxiliary alcaldes (village representatives) to attend council meetings, organize labor and communal activities in the village, and help enforce the law within their villages.
The main constraint was the labor required to clear land and tend crops. Over time, rules and local customs developed regarding land use and de facto private claims to communal land. By the twentieth century, municipal documents report de facto owners of sugarcane fields, orchards, and houselots, and these properties could be sold, exchanged, or inherited among community members. Slash-and-burn fields were temporary, but fields and lots with perennial plants or permanent structures were treated as private property.