By Derek Rutter, Lyn Quine
*Can theory-driven interventions utilizing social cognition types switch future health behaviour?* How may still theoretical types be tailored for intervention?* What are the results for coverage and practice?For a long time, social cognition types were on the leading edge of study into predicting and explaining wellbeing and fitness behaviours. until eventually lately, there were few makes an attempt to move past prediction and figuring out to intervention - yet now the placement has replaced, and a couple of very good interventions were organize. the aim of this booklet is to deliver them jointly in a single volume.After an introductory bankruptcy at the types and interventions to be incorporated, there are 9 chapters that every deal with a selected behaviour or set of behaviours, written by means of the authors of the interventions themselves. Chapters 2 to four study risk-related behaviours (safer-sex; smoking; publicity to radon gas); Chapters five to 7 flip to health-enhancing behaviours and screening (reducing fats consumption; uptake of diet C; breast self-examination; participation in cervical and colorectal melanoma screening); and Chapters eight to ten discover street defense (speeding by way of drivers; pedestrian behaviour; and cycle helmet use). The chapters keep on with a standard constitution: a presentation of the 'epidemiological proof' in regards to the behaviour and why an intervention used to be wanted; an summary of ways during which the theoretical version getting used was once tailored for the intervention; a presentation of the experimental effects; and a dialogue in their theoretical and functional implications. The booklet ends with a bankruptcy of statement at the demanding situations of devising theory-based interventions.Following on from the hugely winning Predicting health and wellbeing Behaviour edited by way of Mark Conner and Paul Norman, this booklet can be recognized as a ground-breaking textual content within the psychology of health and wellbeing, for college students, researchers and practitioners alike.
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Extra info for Changing Health Behaviour: Intervention and Research with Social Cognition Models
We describe the social cognitive processes involved in these studies in more detail in chapter 5 (this volume), but 45 46 R U M O R P S Y C H O L O G Y suffice to say that rumors led investors to attribute the causes of price changes to stable forces, which are called stable-cause attributions. Thus participants exposed to rumors thought that recent price trends would continue despite the fact that participants rated published and unpublished rumors as not credible, untrustworthy, and risky. The result was financially deleterious: Participants exposed to rumors departed from tracking and made significantly less profit during the simulations than did control participants.
79. This study used a between-groups design («s = 7 or 8). 83; N = 50 in a between-groups design (m = 5, 6, or 8). 29 30 RUMOR P S Y C H O L O G Y Information Type Gossip D News Evidentiary Basis H Urban Legend Importance About Individuals Information Dimension Slanderous Mean information dimension ratings for exemplars of rumor, gossip, news, and urban legend: evidentiary basis, importance, about individuals, and slanderous. 2; means were again similar across versions and therefore collapsed within information type.
In business settings, behavioral effects of rumor include those that affect purchase behaviors. The false rumor that Tropical Fantasy, a soft drink, was owned by the Ku Klux Klan and made Black men sterile reportedly caused sales to drop by 70% and incited attacks on delivery trucks (Freedman, 1991). Unger (1979) reported similar losses in sales resulting from false product rumors: Bubble Yum bubble gum is contaminated 43 44 R U M O R P S Y C H O L O G Y with spider eggs, and Pop Rocks candy, when ingested with soda pop, explodes in one's stomach.