By Bernhard Wälchli
This e-book provides a typological survey and research of the co-compound development. This understudied phenomenon is basically a compound whose that means is the results of coordinating the meanings of its parts, as while in a few kinds of English 'mother-father' denotes 'parents'. through the paintings Dr W?lchi examines and discusses themes of significant theoretical and linguistic curiosity. those contain the inspiration of observe, markedness, the syntax and semantics of coordination, grammaticalization, lexical semantics, the excellence among compounding and word formation, and the constructional meanings languages can set up. The e-book makes many observations and issues approximately typology and areal gains and contains a wealth of unusual information. it will likely be important for typologists and of substantial curiosity to various experts together with lexicologists, morphologists, development grammarians, cognitive linguists, semanticists, box linguists, and syntacticians.
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Extra info for Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory)
Put diVerently, the concepts of Rosch’s middle level of abstraction, such as apple, dog, and table, are more prototypical concepts14 than kitchen table and ankle socks or fruit, furniture, and clothing, which is one reason why the former tend to be expressed by simple words while the latter are often expressed by derived words, compounds, or even phrases. It has been observed that sub-compounds often denote subordinate concepts (see Taylor 1989: 49 for English) and co-compounds often denote superordinate concepts (see Klima and Bellugi 1979 for American Sign Language).
Dvandva compounds in Vedic and Sanskrit have been studied by comparative linguists from a diachronic point of view. Wackernagel (1905) (see also Justi 1861) shows that co-compounds in Vedic and Sanskrit developed from coordination and are not inherited from Indo-European sources. Cocompounds have also been a topic of investigation in Finno-Ugric linguistics, the most important contribution being the monograph by Lewy (1911) on Hungarian, Udmurt, and Khanty, where, however, no sharp distinction is made between asyndetic coordination in general, co-compounds, and parallelism.
Interestingly, the diVerence does not reside directly in coordination. It is located in the single or double occurrence of the subordinator da. The diVerence disappears in contexts where there is no such subordinator. In a similar way, there is a diVerence in English between was able to read and write and was able to read and to swim, but not between could read and write and could read and swim. It should not come as a surprise that ‘read and write’ can be expressed as a co-compound in some languages (for instance, Mordvin) while ‘read and swim’ cannot.