By Barbara Voorhies
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Extra resources for Coastal Collectors in the Holocene: The Chantuto People of Southwest Mexico
4. Distribution of excavation units at the center of the Tlacuachero shellmound. The auger probes indicated that the stratum measured approximately 24 x 48 m. I suspected that this feature was too big to be simply a prepared house floor, but, if it was not a house floor, exactly what was it? In 1988 I returned to Tlacuachero to investigate the site further. In particular I proposed to explore three basic research questions that had been imperfectly addressed during earlier work at the site: (1)What activities did the Chantuto people pursue while at the site?
Potsherds were conspicuously lacking in the lower shell deposits of the Chantuto mound but were present in the upper dark soil at the site. At the time of its discovery, Islona Chantuto was only the second archaeological site in Mesoamerica where aceramic and ceramic deposits were present in the same stratigraphic section. For this reason Drucker (1948:166) considered his discovery to be very significant for understanding the transition from a preceramic to an early ceramic horizon. Later, similar shellmound sites were found in the immediate vicinity of Islona Chantuto.
40 in the 1973 Season 36 / Chapter 2 Archaeological Sites / 37 and C that had resulted from the severe disturbance of Stratum C by the people responsible for depositing Stratum A. Analysis proved this to be the correct interpretation of Stratum B (see “Dating Tlacuachero”). The contact between the soil types (A and B) and the shells (Stratum C) is an unconformity in all units excavated. 6). This observation is congruent with the idea that the B soil is the result of mixing of the sediments above and below it.