Cognitive Semantics and the Polish Dative by Ewa Dabrowska

By Ewa Dabrowska

Drawing at the conceptual gear of cognitive grammar, this article goals to convey order into the array of makes use of by means of supplying a unified semantic characterization of the dative case which subsumes either "lexically ruled" and "free" datives.

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Cognitive Semantics and the Polish Dative

Drawing at the conceptual equipment of cognitive grammar, this article goals to deliver order into the array of makes use of by way of delivering a unified semantic characterization of the dative case which subsumes either "lexically ruled" and "free" datives.

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Uciekl/ Zwial nam nasz wigzien. ' Finally, a special subgroup in this category comprises verbs of exchange, which describe situations in which one object leaves the sphere of influence and another takes its place. (55) a. Ktos podmienil mi akumulator. ' (55) b. Rozmieni mi pani sto zlotych? ' (55) c. Podstawili mu szpicla. ]' In all three cases, the verb profiles the movement of an object into or out of someone's sphere of influence. It is thus fully compatible with the meaning of the dative case.

For example, the bodily sensation predicates of (96) can also denote physical conditions (100). The experiential and the physical senses differ only with respect to the kind of setting they occur in: the sphere of awareness or a physical location. (100) Wpokoju bylo gorqco/cieplo/zimno/duszno. ' 44 The meaning of the dative Some of the emotional predicates discussed earlier in this section also have related senses which allow the region in which the emotion takes place to be specified by means of a locative prepositional phrase.

50) a. Wpadla mi w rqce bardzo ciekawa ksiqzka. ' The dative and the semantics of the verb 27 (50) b. Trafito εις slepej kurze ziarno. ' (50) c. Napatoczyl siq nam strasznie smieszny szczeniak. 16 This view of the events contrasts with the one encapsulated in (51), where the verb refers to the work and the remuneration as one event. (51) Ladnie zarobilam na tlumaczeniach. ' Just as one's sphere of influence grows when new items are added to it, it shrinks when one's possessions leave it. The person who loses control over an object is thus a kind of target person.

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