Complex Hunter Gatherers (Anthropology of Pacific North by William C Prentiss

By William C Prentiss

The Plateau area of the Pacific Northwest witnessed the emergence, patience, and decline of a various array of hunter-gatherer groups in the course of the process a previous numerous thousand yr interval. accordingly, the area includes an archaeological checklist of teams who lived now and then in everlasting villages, hired advanced source procurement and processing innovations, participated in wide-ranging exchange networks, and maintained social firms that includes excessive levels of social inequality.Complex Hunter-Gatherers provides a extensive synthesis of the archaeology of the Plateau, along with the Columbia and Fraser-Thompson drainages. The members search to extra our knowing of the character of prehistoric social association, subsistence practices, and lifeways of these dwelling at the Plateau, and to extend upon this beginning to appreciate the evolution and association of complicated hunter-gatherers in general. 

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Sharp climatic cooling and greater precipitation increased downslope forest expansion, enhanced biological carrying capacity, and allowed small groups to settle along main waterways near forest fringes where they exploited a variety of resources on a more or less year-round basis within relatively small catchment areas. Chatters also argues that salmon were not an important resource during Pithouse I, and clear evidence for extended food storage is absent. Population growth was rapid, perhaps a result of reduced mobility.

Excavated matlodge depressions at Botanie Lake near Lytton (Antiquus Archaeological Consultants Ltd. 1999) yielded an assemblage resulting from the production and resharpening of flake tools used to harvest and process abundant plant food resources (Turner et al. 1990:15). It is not known when matlodges were first used on the Canadian Plateau, but it may have been during the Lochnore phase, with their use persisting through the PPt until EuroCanadian contact in the mid-1800s. 7 [69–84]). Larger points of identical style are also occasionally found.

Suggests that this “multipurpose” bifacial tool form may have initially been developed there and was adopted several hundred years later by Lehman phase groups on the Canadian Plateau through direct interaction with southern groups or as a result of interregional information exchange and trait diffusion. High-quality flakeable lithic materials such as vitreous and fine-grained basalt (dacite) and various silicates from isolated upland sources were in common use during the Lehman phase. Many sites contain unmodified and unused medium-size and large flakes in high densities, indicating that lithic raw materials were abundant in most areas.

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