Construing Experience Through Meaning: A Language-Based by M. A. K. Halliday, Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen

By M. A. K. Halliday, Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen

This article explores how people construe adventure. this suggests adventure as a source, as a possible for realizing, representing and performing on truth. it really is by way of this strength that the details of everyday life are interpreted: they make experience simply because they're instantiations of this power. the development of expertise is mostly considered wisdom, having the shape of conceptual taxonomies, schemata, scripts and so forth. The authors supply an interpretation that's complementary to this, treating adventure now not as realizing yet as which means; and for that reason as anything that's construed in language. In different phrases, the worry is with the construal of human adventure as a semantic method; and because language performs the critical position not just in storing and replacing adventure but additionally in construing it, language is taken because the interpretative base. the point of interest of the publication is either theoretical and descriptive. the key descriptive part is an account of the main normal positive factors of the ideational semantics of English, that is then exemplified in commonly used textual content kinds (recipes and climate forecasts).

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Extra resources for Construing Experience Through Meaning: A Language-Based Approach to Cognition (Open linguistics series)

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We will be concerned in the first instance with the general potential; but we shall move along the dimension of instantiation to illustrate with two domain models, weather forecasts and recipes. The more genera] semantic potential is realized by selections in the grammar; but as we move towards the more delicate part of the ideation base, we come to types of phenomenon that are realized primarily by lexical means. 5 Guiding principles We have mentioned two corollaries of using a functional grammar.

Non-logical systems are purely declarative — terms such as "choice" and "entry condition" do not imply a procedural interpretation; they merely indicate that the system network can be traversed. For the interpretation of logical recursive systems, see Bateman (1989). Recently, Zeng (1996) has developed a new kind of system, a multiple-view system, for representing different but comparable systemic organization across languages or semiotic systems.

Perhaps the most highly coded meanings are those which are fully grammaticalized: that is, organized into grammatical systems, such as tense and polarity in English. This does not mean that they must be overtly signalled in syntax or morphology; some of them are, but others aie uncovered only through systematic analysis (cf. 8 below on covert categories), such as the different types of process configurations in English. Lexicalization may take the form of the instantaneous creation of new lexicalized meanings; like sputnik in 1958 or gazumping sometime in the seventies.

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