Contrastive Studies in Construction Grammar by Hans C. Boas

By Hans C. Boas

The papers during this quantity offer a contrastive software of building Grammar. through referencing a well-described constructional phenomenon in English, every one paper presents an effective beginning for describing and examining its constructional counterpart in one other language. This method exhibits that the semantic description (including discourse-pragmatic and practical components) of an English development will be considered as a primary step in the direction of a "tertium comparationis" that may be hired for evaluating and contrasting the formal houses of constructional opposite numbers in different languages. therefore, the which means pole of structures could be considered as the first foundation for comparisons of structures throughout languages – the shape pole is barely secondary. This quantity indicates that structures are workable descriptive and analytical instruments for cross-linguistic comparisons that give the opportunity to catch either language-specific (idiosyncratic) homes in addition to cross-linguistic generalizations

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He found that chair uncomfortable. b. ” Before going into an overview of this construction, it should be made clear that the term “semantico-pragmatic” is meant throughout this chapter to refer to a wide range  Francisco Gonzálvez-García Sem. R: instance PERSONAL, < Conceptualizer DIRECT, CATEGORICAL INVOLVEMENT R PRED Information-Structure Syn. V Theme < Attribute > > TOPIC TOPIC/ FOCUS FOCUS SUBJECT NP1 OBJECT NP2 XPCOMP AP NP Figure 1. e.

To explain the present – Studies in the changing English language in honour of Matti Rissanen (353–374). Helsinki: Memoires de la Société Neophilologique de Helsinki. Lindquist, Hans (1998). The comparison of English disyllabic adjectives in -y and -ly in Presentday British and American English. In H. Lindquist et al. ), The major varieties of English. Papers from MAVEN 97 (205–212). Växjö: Acta Wexionensia. Lindquist, Hans (2000). Livelier or more lively? Syntactic and contextual factors influencing the comparison of disyllabic adjectives.

Section 3 then contrasts both constructions across both languages with regard to several grammatical domains, ranging from phonology to pragmatics. Section 4 concludes the paper with a discussion of what the exploratory study of cross-linguistic differences can contribute to theoretical issues in Construction Grammar. 2. Comparative constructions in English Previous studies of the two English comparatives (Braun 1982, Quirk et al. 1985, Fries 1993, Leech and Culpeper 1997, Kytö and Romaine 1997, Lindquist 1998, 2000, Mondorf 2003, 2007, 2009, Szmrecsanyi 2006, Boyd 2007, Hilpert 2008) have chiefly addressed the paradigmatic relation of the variants and have identified a large number of conditioning factors.

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