By Réka Benczes
Metaphorical and metonymical compounds – novel and lexicalised ones alike – are remarkably considerable in language. but how will we ensure that while utilizing an expression resembling land fishing in order to talk about steel detecting, the referent can be instantly understood no matter if the hearer had now not been formerly accustomed to the compound? hence, this publication units out to discover even if the semantics of metaphorical and metonymical noun–noun combos might be systematically analysed inside a theoretical framework, the place systematicity relates to regularities in either the cognitive processes and the products of those techniques, that's, the compounds themselves. subsidized up by means of fresh psycholinguistic facts, the booklet convincingly demonstrates that such compounds will not be semantically opaque because it has been previously claimed: they could in reality be analysed and accounted for inside a cognitive linguistic framework, via the mixed program of metaphor, metonymy, mixing, profile determinacy and schema concept; and characterize the artistic and associative notice formation methods that we frequently follow in daily language.
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Extra info for Creative Compounding in English: The Semantics of Metaphorical and Metonymical Noun-Noun Combinations
In the latter case, the nominal compounds are a result of syntactic transformation in which clauses such as “cake with apples” surface as nominal compounds such as apple cake. The semantic relations between the member elements of the compound represent one of the nine recoverably deletable predicates such as cause, have, make, use, be, in, from and about (capitalisation as in the original). These predicates are deleted at surface structure but the interpretation of the compound is made possible by using the reconstituted relative clause.
Levi (1978, see below) as well. Jan G. Kooij (1968) also criticises the position represented by Lees (1968) on a number of points. Most significantly, he points out that the syntactic approach applied by Lees leads to the assignment of excess structure to compounds, but at the same time too little is explained of their meaning. Kooij presents a number of compounds that are treated by Lees as endocentric or non-idiomatic: blackmail, ladies’ man or wise guy. However, the meaning of these compounds cannot be explained by the derivation of the meanings from full sentence structures, such as ‘a mail that is black’, ‘the ladies have a man’ or ‘the guy is wise’ respectively.
1 A critique of the transformationalist approach: the metaphorical and idiomatic compounds of Afrikaans One of the strongest criticisms of the transformationalist/generative approach is provided by Rudolf P. Botha (1968), who first of all criticises both Anna Granville Hatcher’s (1960) and Bloomfield’s (1933) classifications of English noun compounds, arguing that both linguists based their systems on “arbitrarily select. Hatcher (1960) classifies English noun compounds on the basis of the semantic relationship between the constituents of the construction.