Demographic Dimensions of the New Republic: American by Peter D. McClelland

By Peter D. McClelland

This ebook presents the 1st complete and constant research of significant information and migration styles for the U.S. among the Revolution and the Civil warfare. it really is anchored within the one to be had resource for national estimates, the decennial censuses. It makes an attempt to supply, for black and white populations, a constant set of estimates of delivery and loss of life charges, premiums of average raise, and web foreign and interregional flows. For the black inhabitants, it additionally estimates the altering velocity of manumissions within the antebellum many years. The census estimates also are conditioned through quite a lot of old facts, either quantitative and non-quantitative, starting from proof on slave smuggling to send site visitors through the warfare of 1812. the implications are two-fold: a collection of knowledge and a collection of questions prompt via the knowledge that promise novel demanding situations for historians of the antebellum period.

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Additional info for Demographic Dimensions of the New Republic: American Interregional Migration, Vital Statistics, and Manumissions, 1800-1860

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The technique is perhaps most easily explained using mathematical notation. Assume that the census was collected every ten years beginning in 1800, and that migration estimates are to be calculated for the six regions of Map 1. g. [3] = 1830-40, Px [t] = individuals of age x in year f, Pi,x U] = individuals of age x in region i in year t, 20 MifX [/] = $x [/I = Migration model: closed population 21 net migrants to region / in decade / who survive and are of age x in the next census year, survivor ratio for those of age x during the decade /.

Oregon territory attracted few international migrants throughout this period,75 and the precipitous rush for Californian gold only pre-dates the counting at Pacific ports by one year. The importance of overland immigration from Canada remains a subject of dispute. 78) The above omissions tended to produce a final count of immigrants that was too low. These were at least partially offset by the inclusion in official counts of (a) transient aliens bound for territories outside the United States, and (b) second passages by 'merchants, factors, and visitors who go and come repeatedly, and are thus enumerated twice or more in the returns'.

The variations in Y would seem to provide a new puzzle for Canadian economic historians. 110 What is striking in the results of Table A-7 is the fall in Y that occurred shortly after Durham submitted his report. 111 Was that contrast sharply modified in the two decades prior to the American Civil War? The United States economy certainly did 38 Migration model: adjustments not experience a prolonged slump. The shift that occurred in the rate of reemigration from British North America may therefore be indicative of a Canadian upsurge.

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