By Samuel Sweitz
This booklet examines from an archaeological point of view the social and fiscal alterations that happened in Yucatán, Mexico starting within the 18th century, because the quarter turned more and more articulated inside of worldwide networks of trade. Of specific curiosity is the formation and supreme supremacy of the hacienda approach in Yucatán and the influence that new sorts of capitalist prepared construction had on local Maya social association. loved ones archaeology and spatial research carried out at the grounds of the previous Hacienda San Juan Bautista Tabi offers the knowledge for reading the result of this alteration at the day-by-day lives and life of these participants integrated in the hacienda approach. using archaeological excavation to put the lives of neighborhood members in the context of bigger international strategies makes this ebook a valuable contribution to the learn of archaeology.
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Additional info for On the Periphery of the Periphery: Household Archaeology at Hacienda San Juan Bautista Tabi, Yucatán, Mexico
These goods held relatively little value for their producers, but demanded high prices in extra-local markets. Resistant populations might be forcibly sold goods, for which they were obligated to pay. In time, production in these areas became increasingly specialized toward commodity production, and the native populations became increasingly dependent upon goods provided by merchants. Through a system of advances, producers could be placed in a kind of debt peonage, under which individuals were obligated to produce commodities for the market.
Really form[ing] 30 2 A Theoretical Context for Documenting Social Change in Yucatán… one group, differing only in how they fit into the worldwide division of labor others created for them” (1985:57–58). Even though plantations were often characterized by relations of production that were not “true” industrial capitalism (as seen from a twenty-first-century viewpoint), they certainly were reflective of a capitalist logic, however imperfect. Regional plantation systems were organized to both provide valued commodities for consumption within the global marketplace, while at the same time providing markets where industrially finished goods could be sold.
This dual role made plantations important components in the global economy, serving as both producers and consumers in the commodity chains that linked the labor and production processes of diverse local economies, households, and individual producers/consumers within a worldwide division of labor. Unlike most of the sugar produced in the Caribbean, the sugar produced at Hacienda Tabi was destined for regional consumption rather than global distribution. Nonetheless, sugar production in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Yucatán represents a salient example of how local production nodes in capitalist systems are linked into larger networks oriented toward the production, circulation, and consumption of goods (Sweitz 2005).