By Chris Clarkson
Lithics within the Land of the Lightning Brothers skilfully integrates a variety of data-raw-material procurement, software layout, relief and curation, styles of distribution and association-to exhibit the main outlines of Wardaman prehistory. while, the booklet firmly situates info and strategies in vast theoretical context. In its nearby scope and thorough technological method, this e-book exemplifies the simplest of modern lithic research and hunter-gatherer archaeology.Any archaeologist who confronts the problem of classifying retouched stone instruments may still seek advice this quantity for a transparent demonstration of aid depth as a resource of measurement and shape version autonomous of "type." but the demonstration isn't really only methodological; Clarkson indicates how the dimension of aid depth informs research of technological variety and different cultural practices.In Clarkson's fingers, Wardaman prehistory emerges as a specific list of the human prior. but the ebook is additionally a case examine in lengthy cultural reaction to environmental stipulations and how within which cultures persist and reproduce themselves over lengthy spans of time. the result's an analytical travel de strength that may consultant hunter-gatherer archaeology in Australia and somewhere else for years yet to come.
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Extra resources for Lithics in the Land of the Lightning Brothers: The Archaeology of Wardaman Country, Northern Territory (Terra Australis, 25)
E. where shortfalls are beyond the local capacity to absorb), high-level strategies may be employed, such as inter-regional exchange and intensification that could potentially lead to subsistence transitions (see also Hawkes and O'Connell 1992; Larson et al. 1996; Leonard 1989). Unfortunately, with the exception of group foraging, few of these models have received formal mathematical modelling and hence theoretical and empirical investigation of these concepts remains largely qualitative. Mobility.
Place Provisioning The provisioning of places is a more favourable strategy when the location and timing of activities to be performed in the future is predictable and mobility is low. This strategy would tend to be employed at locations where the diversity or richness of subsistence opportunities is greater, such as when high-ranked or stable resources are abundant and close by, variance in foraging returns is low, and resources are patchy and suited to exploitation from a central place of low residential mobility.
Redundancy in backed artefact assemblies that enhance performance and mitigate against partial loss or breakage) and maintainability (use of standardised components that can be easily replaced) to the tool, an argument others have also run to explain the adoption of backed technologies in other parts of the world (Bleed 2001; Hiscock 2002; Neeley and Barton 1994). Technological Investment and Tool Performance. Torrence (1989) argues that risk prone populations should invest heavily in toolkit design and manufacture if this helps dampen the effects of variability and time-stress.