By Iain Crow
Therapy and rehabilitation were crucial to the advance of felony justice coverage, and feature performed an enormous function within the improvement of criminology. lately punishment and retribution have attracted extra awareness than rehabilitation, yet there was a resurgence of curiosity in therapy and rehabilitation, with symptoms that a few issues do 'work', and an emphasis on 'evidence-based' coverage making. it's also the assumption of many who a penal coverage with no an sufficient remedy procedure is unjust and a denial of human rights.
In this ebook Iain Crow presents an obtainable review of the thoughts of remedy and rehabilitation, adopting a intentionally extensive definition, and considers the historic
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Extra info for The Treatment and Rehabilitation of Offenders
The psychiatrist Henry Maudsley, for example, made a study of the criminals who constituted the patients under his care. British criminology had its basis in an applied medico-legal culture derived from the penal and psychiatric establishments, and was dominated by figures who were involved in running prisons and hospitals. Their academic interests tended to run alongside dealing with individual offenders. Apart from Maudsley in the late nineteenth century, these included, in the twentieth century, Hamblin Smith (a prison doctor whose interest was in the psychiatric assessment of inmates), Norwood East (who undertook an experiment in psychological therapy at Wormwood Scrubs prison in the 1930s), and Trevor Gibbens (who had a particular interest in the psychology of young delinquents).
Alternatively it may be that observing one ethical principle would involve a breach of another. Ethical guidelines can help to resolve such dilemmas, but ethical judgements have to be made by professional workers in many situations. Central to any form of treatment or research is the principle of informed consent. A participant should be able to choose freely whether or not to take part in an experiment, survey, operation, etc. This is an integral part of the principle of autonomy, and in medicine it is important in order to ensure that patients enter treatment voluntarily, knowing what they are freely choosing.
Questions to Consider • • • • • Why did medical thinking and practice become so closely associated with the development of criminology and criminal justice? Why did the rehabilitative ideal collapse during the 1970s, and what are its prospects in the current climate? Do we still ‘treat’ offenders? Is the criminal justice system better off without the dominance of the treatment model? Many would argue, on ethical and effectiveness grounds, that treatment requires consent; can people therefore be sentenced to treatment?